Outdoor tree with Christmas lights; photo by claudmey
This article was last revised on 11/17/20.
A well-landscaped garden loaded with spring or fall color is definitely inspiring during the sunshiny hours, but they can be absolutely stunning at nighttime when shown off with exterior landscape lighting. Wiring installation is your first planning step after you know what you're working with, what kind of lights and placement.
Incorporating walkway lights when you install your exterior landscape lighting system makes good sense and many homeowners do this. Putting in lighting as an exterior remodeling project is within the ability of the typical handy homeowner. Always check your local building code to make sure you comply; it is most likely that you can do the actual installation but a licensed electrician will need to do the wiring.
In many municipalities, electrical building permits and inspections for this type of project arent mandatory. Just be sure to check. Your next question is how long will it take to finish this project? Depending on weather and scope, you might be able to finish it in one day; an extensive project might take one or two weekends, or more if you have an expansive estate.
Begin Your Landscaping Project with a Plan
Similar to when you are considering new kitchen lighting, the first step is the planning and comes before purchacing materials. Here are some things you might want to look at:
Think about a home security system. Many people discover that this a good opportunity to put in security lighting.
Think about Christmas lights. If you want to incorporate holiday decorations in your landscaping rather than just hanging them on the house, consider installing a dedicated circuit.
Consider your lighting accents. Begin by drawing a to-scale sketch of your property including the landscaping area under consideration.
Choose the lighting technology youe interested it. LED lights are the up-and-coming thing as the technology improves and the energy-efficiency to light output ratio gets better and better.
Choose Your Electrical Switches
Ive seen four types of switches in common use, although I'm sure there are more. Market innovation is a law of nature. Take your choice.
Motion-sensors. These are best known for surveillance cams and security lighting applications. A burglar may feel clever scurrying up under dim garden accent lights, but when your megawatt halogen spotlights him, hell likely beat a hasty retreat!
Clock-type timers are popular. Timer switches are set to kick in when nobody is home. Just set and forget; very handy when you are on vacation.
Standard switches. Toggle on; toggle off. This is as basic as it gets.
Photocell automatic switches. These are similar to the aforementioned clock-type timers, but they activate and deactivate with sunlight and darkness.
Choosing Your Electrical Conduit
Obviously, outdoor circuits are exposed to moisture, so they have to be handled a bit differently than conventional indoor wiring. Tthere are a couple of kinds of conduit commonly used -- PVC and metal. Generally, PVC is a good choice when its buried. Metal is good for above ground scenarios because it stands up well to physical activity like a lawn mower bump. As mentioned earlier, your local electrical building code must be consulted.
Steps for Exterior Lighting Installation
If you have weatherproof outside receptacles youre one step ahead; but if not, install as many receptacle boxes as your situation requires. Ensure that the units are rated for exterior use. The installation must ensure safety from the elements and your lawn mower, etc.
Locate an electrical source in your house and run your code-specific electrical cable to the box.
This circuit should be GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) protected. If the existing circuit running to the box is already protected, youre good to go but still use the receptacle according to code.
Since youve already established your lighting layout, your next step is to put in a receptacle post. Decorative ones are often used. Set it in concrete.
Secure a receptacle box and GFCI receptacle on your post.
Before digging a trench from your home to the post for your conduit, have your local utility companies locate underground utilities. Many landscaping companies recommend burying your conduit under them to avoid future conflicts.
Using a shovel, trench out your most convenient path from your house receptacle to your post receptacle.
Lay your conduit in the trench. Connect it to both boxes using code-approved waterproof connectors.
Pull your UF electrical cable from your home box to the post box. This is easily done using a fish tape. Make the connections.
Install your outdoor receptacle covers using waterproof gaskets.
Armed with these wiring tips for exterior landscape or security lighting, you're all set to transform your property and keep it safe.
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About the Author:
Kelly R. Smith was a commercial carpenter for 20 years before returning to night school at the University of Houston where he earned a Bachelors Degree in Computer Science. After working at NASA for a few years, he went on to develop software for the transportation and financial and energy trading industries. He has been writing, in one capacity or another, since he could hold a pencil. As a freelance writer now, he specializes in producing articles and blog content for a variety of clients. His personal blog is at I Can Fix Up My Home Blog where he muses on many different topics.